Access to space is becoming more democratized, as technology development and growing competition in the launch market continue to drive down costs. The number and diversity of actors, and the scope of their activities, is growing. How the “business of the moon” will emerge from isolated missions by governments, large companies, and startups, however, remains a mystery. Through primary and secondary research, the authors of this paper categorize the variety of lunar activity in order to create a deeper understanding of the near, medium and long term components of the lunar economic landscape. Categories included in the analysis include, but are not limited to, agent type
(government vs private industry vs academia, etc.), motivation, landing and operating location, credibility of the endeavor, funding models, and timing. A proposal for an open information architecture is then discussed, aiming to advance the conversation on collaborative lunar activity. With this information gathered in a regularly updated or “living” open-access framework, the authors believe all industry players and observers will be better equipped to address the opportunities and challenges in the lunar market in years to come.