This library compiles all of our work according to content or project type.
Introducing Open Lunar's innovative approach to Lunar Stewardship! We are thrilled to announce Open Lunar's innovation process, aimed at creating sustainable support systems for lunar projects that enhance cooperation and good governance. Watch the video of the event that launched this process.
We are excited to unveil the areas we're concentrating on for our forthcoming fellowship cohort, launching in January 2024.
Open Lunar's focus is creating impact toward a future on the Moon that we are all proud of, not just adding more to the lunar ecosystem for the sake of its growth. This post expands on the beginning of our innovation process: Downselecting from a backlog of Ideas to Hunches worth dedicating research fellowships to.
The Astra Carta, a joint statement of intent towards space sustainability, was launched on 28 June by King Charles. The Open Lunar Team and Directors played a central role in the development of the Zero Draft, drawing on the deep expertise that we have in space, technology, sustainable development and global policy.
With the moon’s infrastructure still in its formative phase, it becomes pivotal to ensure its sustainable growth. Open Lunar envisions exploring the creation of a cooperative landing pad infrastructure governed by transparency and collaboration.
The Moon Dialogs is a partnership focused on governance and coordination mechanisms for the lunar surface. It is convened by organizations and participating researchers exploring voluntary, multilateral mechanisms, norms, and economic arrangements that aim to grow ecosystems of lunar activity. The Moon Dialogs' mission is to produce credible, actionable mechanisms facilitating lunar coordination, policies, norms and laws; leveraging voluntary frameworks and cross-sector, international support.
As one of the founders of the ESG movement, I have witnessed the transformational power of small teams in the right place at the right time. I believe that the Open Lunar Foundation is one of those teams. Open Lunar has the potential to drive the creation of an approach to Lunar settlement that puts stewardship first.
The event celebrated the launch of the Timekeeping White Paper which discusses the potential benefits and challenges of establishing a local lunar time standard and its implications for lunar missions, including its compatibility with existing lunar initiatives.
This year, Open Lunar has worked to codify and clarify our process to multiply our impact, enhance our focus, engage more people, and provide more certainty, so our engine of innovation can thrive. This post will outline both this new approach and how we arrived at it.
We’re excited to share that Open Lunar is now recruiting for two Board positions! In March, the current Board of Directors conducted a thorough review of Open Lunar’s governance. As part of that process, the Board agreed to add two new directors. This will take our Board from five to seven members.
A Lunar Registry designed to encourage global multi-stakeholder participation and representation, based on consensus-building and inclusion, offers a tool to foster openness, trust, transparency, representation and social responsibility for all.
This paper explores the characteristics of a common reference timing signal to serve future lunar operations. The goal is to identify a low-cost, transparent approach to the development of a Local Lunar Time Standard.
This event marked the launch of the Registry Project White Paper which provides an insightful exploration of the creation of an open, transparent, and dedicated lunar registry that will catalogue crucial mission details such as launch state, operating actor, location, time, and more.
This white paper explores the creation of a dedicated Lunar Registry to catalogue critical mission details such as the launching state, operating actor, location, time, and more.
A Lunar Registry designed to encourage global multi-stakeholder participation and representation, based on consensus-building and inclusion, offers a tool to foster openness, trust, transparency, representation and social responsibility for all. This is the executive summary of a longer whitepaper.
The Lunar Policy Handbook is a reference guidebook for government personnel and private actors in the space industry. It is designed to be a high-level guide that is useful for a broad audience of space actors, outlining policy issues and operational considerations related to lunar activities.
A voluntary Lunar Registry would not replace or render governmental or intergovernmental registries obsolete. Rather, it would complement them by providing a simple, flexible and neutral opportunity for missions to share and coordinate information.
A cooperative, decentralized network of timekeeping devices could offer an agile, affordable approach to supporting an ecosystem of actors in cislunar space.
Norms, particularly transparency, are needed to stabilise competition and promote cooperation on the Moon. However, these are not created in a vacuum but require their own tools and frameworks to develop, champion, and facilitate the adoption of the norm among the intended community of actors.
Normative behaviours are integral to fostering a coherent community of actors and promoting peace and stability for existing treaties and aspirational goals. The author explains why normative behaviours are needed for Lunar activity.
Since the beginning of the space era, the Moon has been the benchmark against which measuring the best of humanity’s energies and skills. With over a hundred lunar missions planned by 2030, the ability to ensure a peaceful, safe, sustainable, and prosperous future on the Moon has become one of the top priorities for contemporary space law and policymaking.
The author's research is focused on considering possible architectures for an open and independent time standard for cislunar space. First in a series.
Normative behaviours are integral to fostering a coherent community of actors and promoting peace and stability for existing treaties and aspirational goals. The author aims to explain why normative behaviours are needed for Lunar activity.
This blog posts series will analyse the political backdrop for an independent multi-stakeholder Lunar activity registry, highlighting why it’s needed and how it might help. These are the precursors to a more comprehensive White Paper which we’ll be working on over the coming months.
The author exploers the incentive structures that would enable commercial participation in a Lunar Registry through a series of related posts.
The establishment of a local lunar time standard or a shared and openly accessible reference timing signal can greatly enhance the positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) capabilities of lunar missions without the need for direct links to Earth or precision instruments to be a requirement for every mission to the Moon. This research proposes the concept of a local lunar time standard that can be accessed using technology that is likely to be included in most lunar missions for nominal activities. Even if the local lunar time standard exhibits drift or variations from terrestrial time, its existence would be a significant step towards lunar coordination.
Cross-sectional collaboration to adopt a resource management framework addressing scarcity in a way that fairly balances the interests of all stakeholders - small and large, rich and poor, present and future - would be a fantastic policy base on which to build a space economy.
The objective of the scorecard is to provide a starting point for evaluating the relative scarcity of specific lunar and outer space resources with current information. Through this evaluation, resource systems that are inherently vulnerable or at risk of becoming scarce are easier to prioritize for management.
The envisaged goal here is to channel competitive market forces from a race to the bottom (toxic competition) towards a race to the top (noble competition) through a series of incentivizing measures by activating the higher ethical principles of space law.
There is an opportunity for actors interested in entering the lunar communications space to learn from the best practices of network infrastructure providers (ISPs/IXPs), as well as the open source community.
This study reviews the history and principles behind safety zones in outer space and other domains. It reviews the requirements such zones place on operators and the obligations they can create for other states and actors.
This research considers an economic model that addresses the possible lunar needs for an emerging and integrated African continent, and a determined and curious globe.
The success of a lunar settlement will be significantly and quantifiably tied to the presence or absence of pragmatic zoning policy. Zoning and land use policies can improve the efficiency of infrastructure and cost effectiveness of development.
The math in this memo enabled us to include radiometric range and range-rate measurements in our linear covariance analysis, which gave us an estimate of the certainty we'd have about our position and velocity at lunar orbit insertion.
Every few months, we work to collate all our recent insights and share it publicly in a rare and powerful summary of the work that we do. In this event you'll hear from five researchers, four of which are part of our esteemed Fellowship program, as well as Dr Woods, Senior Researcher and lunar engineer.
When Open Lunar began, policy and governance for lunar activities was considered obscure. Just a few short years ago, the idea of discussing space resources at COPUOS was almost unthinkable. Since then, it has become clear that there are numerous legal and policy questions and the Moon is likely to be our first test.
As countries and companies look to expand economic and scientific activities to the Moon and beyond, the performance advantages of nuclear energy underlie renewed interest in the technology, and iterative development of national and international law is needed to establish sustainable governance.
The Moon is a common in the economic sense and therefore primed for polycentric governance. In addition, the diversity of resource systems within the larger lunar system will require diverse and distinct governance systems to tackle the individual challenges of each of the subsystems.
Today we announce Breaking Ground, a lunar resources trust which will exist to steward and demonstrate formal and effective institutional management of lunar resources between different stakeholders.
The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the hidden power of antitrust into shaping a sustainable space ecosystem in the future and to ensure that space commerce, and hence the emerging “lex mercatoria spatialis” adheres to the higher principles of international space law.
What is the meaning, purpose and life cycle of lunar legal norms? In December 2019, we co-hosted a workshop with the Secure World Foundation to explore these questions. Explore the results.
This is an architectural and conceptual exploration through geometry, mechanism, and concept of operation (CONOPS) for a new look at lunar spaceports. The report showcases four fully developed concepts across four extreme sets of assumptions.
Numerous questions arise in the design and implementation of lunar TCBMs, particularly around the institutional activations required to support these measures. The starting point however, begins with a critical mass of agreement regarding baseline TCBMs.
Eliminating mistrust and building confidence between states is crucial now more than ever, with lunar ambitions emerging from different nations simultaneously. TCBMs will be critical to preserve security on the Moon and ensure that activities continue to be conducted “exclusively for peaceful purposes”.
This paper serves as a background summary of recent lunar exploration activity in the context of relevant stakeholder interests.
The aim of the study was to identify the prioritization and intensity of the foundational interests of respective stakeholder groups, and to assess how the different governance scenarios fulfilled each respective interest.
In 2020, Open Lunar kicked off a small working group looking at the application of public choice theory and political economy scholarship to resource management in the lunar context. This post captures some initial reflections and insights, but the work will be ongoing and we welcome suggestions and recommendations.
Open Lunar Foundation leads a Fellowship program inviting experts across multiple sectors to contributor their talents towards the mission of a peaceful cooperative long term future on the Moon which benefits all life.
Get inspired by our latest research on lunar governance, security and resource management.
Breaking Ground is a lunar resources trust that exists to steward and demonstrate formal and effective institutional management of lunar resources between different stakeholders.
In partnership with SGAC and the Moon Dialogs, Open Lunar led a research initiative throughout 2021 to gather and analyze resource governance approaches from Earth systems and draw insights about their applicability to lunar resource systems. This was completed in early 2022 and the results have been presented at numerous venues including the IASC Space Commons conference,the Ostrom Workshop space working group, and informed recommendations presented to the United Nations.
Polycentricity is not a new concept, however it is also not yet mainstream. We believe this concept is central to designing the future of institutions, public goods, utilities management and more within the lunar economy.
Sustained presence in outer space requires a categorical shift in thinking, going beyond “exploration” to think instead about tenure: policies rooted in experience, lessons learned from historic engagements with frontiers, and long term thinking, in order to construct strong foundations and longevity of presence.
This new province of humankind is closer than ever. The Outer Space Treaty (OST) continues to provide the foundations for our activities in outer space. General guidance must now become specific, and we must figure out those specifics with diverse voices, together.
This Backgrounder on lunar norms is intended to succinctly summarize the norms (rules, laws, principles, and guidelines) applicable to lunar activities (whether governmental or nongovernmental). Although legal in nature, it should be understandable to those without a legal education.
Open Lunar Foundation combines institutional research with intentionality and values to develop applied policy proposals and commercial partnerships for the Moon. As a non profit we can identify leverage points and take risks in service of peaceful and cooperative lunar futures.
The need for collective action and joint problem-solving is more important and urgent than ever if we are to create peaceful and sustainable lunar development. Coalescing the objectives of the diverse (public and private) stakeholders in the space industry is an undertaking that has yet to be achieved.
A series of frameworks and conceptual tools for analysing norms on the Moon.
Policy analogs enable the application of insights from familiar domains to new contexts—referencing physical, legal, procedural, or economic properties that are shared between the source and target domains. Here, we introduce an array of potential analogs for lunar governance and summarises their uses and limitations.
This paper focuses on the global-scale dispersal of dust expected to result from the increasing cadence and size of lunar missions and explores landing pads and/or “spaceports” as a means of mitigating these effects.